Rescue Simulation League

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League Overview

Screenshot from agent competition
Screenshot from virtual robot competition

The league consist of three competitions:

During rescue operations after a disaster, cooperation is a must (Jennings et al, 1997). In general the problem is not solvable by a single agent, and a heterogeneous team that dynamically combines individual capabilities in order to solve the task is needed (Murphy et al. 2000). This requirement is due to the structural diversity of disaster areas, variety of evidence the sensors can perceive and to the necessity of quickly and reliably examining large regions.

Yet, the performance of a joint rescue team depends on assembling the right mixture of capabilities and has to be designed as a whole. The goal of this league is to take this technological and scientific challenge and extend current rescue robot platforms with planning, learning, and information exchange capabilities needed to coordinate their efforts and to accomplish the rescue mission as a team.


Executive Committee (RoboCup 2017)

Technical Committee (RoboCup 2017)

  • Agent competition

Organization Committee (RoboCup 2017)

  • Agent competition
    • Dina Helal, German University in Cairo, Egypt
    • Kazunori Iwata, Aichi University, Japan

Local Organization Committee (RoboCup 2017)


This is the list of rules of the both competitions:

RoboCup event Agent competition Virtual Robot competition
Nagoya 2017 February, 2017 April, 2017
Leipzig 2016 May, 2016 March, 2016
Hefei 2015 March, 2015 January, 2015
João Pessoa 2014 January, 2014 March, 2014
Eindhoven 2013 February, 2013 April 22, 2013
Mexico 2012 January 13, 2012
Istanbul 2011 January 12, 2011
Singapore 2010 February 8, 2010 June 15, 2010
Graz 2009 February 4, 2009 June 9, 2009
Suzhou 2008 June 9, 2008 June 4, 2008
Atlanta 2007 June 6, 2007 June 20, 2007
Bremen 2006 May 23, 2006 June, 2006
Osaka 2005 June 10, 2005
Lisbon 2004 January 20, 2004
Padua 2003 May 11, 2003


This is the alphabetic list of teams active in the League the last years, including links to their homepage and Team Description Papers:

Agent competition Infrastructure competition Virtual Robot competition
anct_resq (2013, 2011) Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces (2014) Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces (2014,2011,2010,2009,2008)
Apollo Rescue (2015, 2013) BraveCircles (2010,2008) CSU YunLu (2016, 2008)
RMAS_ArtSapience (2016, 2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011) Hinomiyagura (2016,2015, 2014,2013,2011,2010,2009,2008) Echoic (2016)
AUST Kylin (2015) Jacobs Robotics (2008) eRobotica (2014,2008)
BonabRescue (2011,2010,2008) Joint Rescue Forces (2016) Hinomiyagura (2016, 2014,2013)
BraveCircles (2011,2008) Kshitij (2010,2008 ) IUC (2009)
CSU_YunLu (2015, 2014,2013,2008) MRL (2016, 2015, 2014,2013,2012,2009) IUST - Kaveh (2012),2008)
epicenter (2011) NAITO (2015, 2014) Jacobs Robotics (2009,2008)
HfutEngineRescue (2011) NewIdea (2008) MRL (2016, 2014,2013, 2012, 2011,2010, 2009, 2008)
IAMRescue (2011,2010,2008) NIST Simmers (2010) NP.Solvers (2009)
Impossibles (2008,2007) PoAReT (2014) Pasargad (2011)
IUST (2008) ResQ Freiburg (2009, 2006, 2005, 2004) PoAReT (2013, 2012)
Jacobs Robotics (2008) S.O.S. (2014,2013) SBCe_Saviour (2011,2009)
Kherad (2016, 2015, 2014) Shabestar (2013) SEU RedSun (2011,2010, 2009,2008)
LTI Agent Rescue (2013, 2011) UvA Rescue (2012, 2011, 2010) S.O.S. (2016)
Lotus (2009) STB (2009)
MinERS (2013, 2009) Steel (2010,2008)
MRL (2016, 2015, 2014, 2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008) UC Merced (2009,2008)
NAITO (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009) UPM-SPQR (2009,2008)
NewIdea (2009) UvA Rescue (2007, 2006)
FC Portugal (2012) Yildiz (2016, 2014,2013, 2012,2011)
R.A.S. Roshd (2016)
Poseidon (2016, 2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009)
Ri-One (2016, 2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)
RoboAKUT (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)
SBCe Saviour (2011,2010,2009,2008)
SEU_Jolly (2015, 2014,2011,2010,2009,2008)
S.O.S. (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2010,2009)
Suntori (2011,2010)
TsinghuAeolus (2008)
UvA Rescue (2014,2003)
YowAI (2008)
Y_rescue (2015)
ZJUBase (2014,2013,2012,2010,2009,2008)
5Rings (2004)

RoboCup Champions

Agent competition Infrastructure competition Virtual Robot competition
Year 1st Place Team 2nd Place Team 3rd Place Team Winner 1st Place Team 2nd Place Team 3rd Place Team Year
2001 YabAI Arian ISI-JAIST
2002 Arian YowAI NITrescue
2003 Arian YowAI S.O.S.
2004 ResQ Freiburg DAMAS-Rescue Caspian ResQ Freiburg
2005 Impossibles Caspian Kshitij ResQ Freiburg
2006 MRL Poseidon IUST ResQ Freiburg ResQ Freiburg VirtualUB UvArescue 2006
2007 MRL, IR Impossibles TsinghuaAeolus AladdinRescue Steel Jacobs Rescue SPQR Virtual 2007
2008 ZJUBase Suntori Impossibles Brave Circles SEU-RedSun UC Merced Steel 2008
2009 S.O.S. MRL Poseidon ResQ Freiburg UC Merced SEU-RedSun Amsterdam-Oxford 2009
2010 RoboAKUT IAMrescue ZJUBase Brave Circles SEU-RedSun MRL 2010
2011 SEU-RedSun Poseidon RMAS_ArtSapience SBCe_Saviour Pasargad SEU-RedSun 2011
2012 Ri-one ZJUBase AUT S.O.S. UvA Rescue PoAReT Yildiz 2012
2013 GUC_ArtSapience AUT S.O.S. MRL MRL MRL 2013
2014 S.O.S. MRL CSU_YunLu Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces MRL 2014
2015 S.O.S. MRL SEU_Jolly NAITO-Rescue
2016 MRL Poseidon MRL Yildiz 2016

Research State of the Art

The state-in-the-art in the agent competition is that decisions can be made for more than 100 agents in 500ms. The team of fire agents are able to predict the spread of the fire, to cooperate to extinguish the most dangerous fires firs and able to contain the fire front to prevent major damage to the city. The ambulance agents have a search strategy, listening for victims, dig them out and transport to a hospital. The police agents support both other teams by clearing the most important routes. The teams in the competition have shown a steady progress in controlling larger teams under harsher conditions.

The state-of-the-art in the virtual robot competition is control system able to control a large team of robots with a single operator. To make this possible, the robots are able to create a map of the disaster and use this map to make automatic decisions for an optimal search strategy. Several teams have shown that they are able to detect victims by processing the images from the robot camera, based on features like color, shape and movement. Also other sources like sound are studied.

There are several resources on publications related to this league:

Separately, there are lists on publications related to Virtual Robot competition:

An recent overview of the developments in this league is given in this article in the AI magazine.

RoboCup 2016 Symposium

During the 2016 RoboCup Symposium, this two papers were presented by members of this league:

RoboCup 2015 Symposium

During the 2015 RoboCup Symposium, this paper was presented by members of this league:

RoboCup 2014 Symposium

During the 2014 RoboCup Symposium, a number of papers were presented by members of this league:

RoboCup 2013 Symposium

During the 2013 RoboCup Symposium, a number of papers were presented by members of this league:

RoboCup 2012 Symposium

During the 2012 RoboCup Symposium, three papers were presented by members of this league:

Earlier publications

Earlier publications can be found at the League's history page:

Other Information

Both competitions have a Frequent Asked Questions list:

Both competitions have a mailing list:


  • Raymond Sheh, Sören Schwertfeger and Arnoud Visser, "16 Years of RoboCup Rescue", KI - Künstliche Intelligenz, Volume 30, Issue 3, October 2016
  • Cameron Skinner and Sarvapali Ramchurn, "The RoboCup rescue simulation platform", Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS'10) - Volume 1, Pages 1647-1648, 2010.

About this page

All older information on this page, which now seems to be outdated, has been moved to the Rescue_Simulation_League_History page.

This page is moderated by Arnoud Visser. Contact him with suggestions.