Rescue Simulation League
The league consist of three competitions:
During rescue operations after a disaster, cooperation is a must (Jennings et al, 1997). In general the problem is not solvable by a single agent, and a heterogeneous team that dynamically combines individual capabilities in order to solve the task is needed (Murphy et al. 2000). This requirement is due to the structural diversity of disaster areas, variety of evidence the sensors can perceive and to the necessity of quickly and reliably examining large regions.
Yet, the performance of a joint rescue team depends on assembling the right mixture of capabilities and has to be designed as a whole. The goal of this league is to take this technological and scientific challenge and extend current rescue robot platforms with planning, learning, and information exchange capabilities needed to coordinate their efforts and to accomplish the rescue mission as a team.
- Jennings et al. (1997) Cooperative search and rescue with a team of mobile robots. In Proc. of the IEEE Int. Conf. on Advanced Robotics (ICAR), pages 193–200
- Murphy et al. (2000) Mixed-initiative control of multiple heterogeneous robots for usar. Technical Report CRASAR-TR2000-11, Center for Robot Assisted Search & Rescue, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Executive Committee (RoboCup 2015)
- Nobuhiro Ito, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan
- Arnoud Visser, Universiteit van Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Alexander Kleiner, Linköpings universitet, Sweden
Technical Committee (RoboCup 2015)
- Virtual Robot competition
Organization Committee (RoboCup 2015)
- Agent competition
RoboCup 2015 Information
More detailed information about the Agent and Virtual Robot competitions are available on these locations:
This is the list of rules of the both competitions:
|RoboCup event||Agent competition||Virtual Robot competition|
|Hefei 2015||March, 2015||January, 2015|
|João Pessoa 2014||January, 2014||March, 2014|
|Eindhoven 2013||February, 2013||April 22, 2013|
|Mexico 2012||January 13, 2012|
|Istanbul 2011||January 12, 2011|
|Singapore 2010||February 8, 2010||June 15, 2010|
|Graz 2009||February 4, 2009||June 9, 2009|
|Suzhou 2008||June 9, 2008||June 4, 2008|
|Atlanta 2007||June 6, 2007||June 20, 2007|
|Bremen 2006||May 23, 2006||June, 2006|
|Osaka 2005||June 10, 2005|
|Lisbon 2004||January 20, 2004|
|Padua 2003||May 11, 2003|
This is the alphabetic list of teams active in the League the last years, including links to their homepage and Team Description Papers:
|Agent competition||Infrastructure competition||Virtual Robot competition|
|anct_resq (2013, 2011)||Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces (2014)||Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces (2014,2011,2010,2009,2008)|
|Apollo Rescue (2015, 2013)||BraveCircles (2010,2008)||CSU YunLu (2008)|
|RMAS_ArtSapience (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011)||Hinomiyagura (2015, 2014,2013,2011,2010,2009,2008)||eRobotica (2014,2008)|
|AUST Kylin (2015)||Jacobs Robotics (2008)||Hinomiyagura (2014,2013)|
|BonabRescue (2011,2010,2008)||Kshitij (2010,2008 )||IUC (2009)|
|BraveCircles (2011,2008)||MRL (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2009)||IUST - Kaveh (2012),2008)|
|CSU_YunLu (2015, 2014,2013,2008)||NAITO (2015, 2014)||Jacobs Robotics (2009,2008)|
|epicenter (2011)||NewIdea (2008)||MRL (2014,2013, 2012, 2011,2010, 2009, 2008)|
|HfutEngineRescue (2011)||NIST Simmers (2010)||NP.Solvers (2009)|
|IAMRescue (2011,2010,2008)||PoAReT (2014)||Pasargad (2011)|
|Impossibles (2008,2007)||ResQ Freiburg (2009, 2006, 2005, 2004)||PoAReT (2013, 2012)|
|IUST (2008)||S.O.S. (2014,2013)||SBCe_Saviour (2011,2009)|
|Jacobs Robotics (2008)||Shabestar (2013)||SEU RedSun (2011,2010, 2009,2008)|
|Kherad (2015, 2014)||UvA Rescue (2012, 2011, 2010)||STB (2009)|
|LTI Agent Rescue (2013, 2011)||Steel (2010,2008)|
|Lotus (2009)||UC Merced (2009,2008)|
|MinERS (2013, 2009)||UPM-SPQR (2009,2008)|
|MRL (2015, 2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)||UvA Rescue (2007, 2006)|
|NAITO (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009)||Yildiz (2014,2013, 2012,2011)|
|FC Portugal (2012)|
|Poseidon (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009)|
|Ri-One (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)|
|RoboAKUT (2015, 2014,2013,2012,2011,2010,2009,2008)|
|SBCe Saviour (2011,2010,2009,2008)|
|SEU_Jolly (2015, 2014,2011,2010,2009,2008)|
|S.O.S. (2015, 2014,[hhttp://staff.fnwi.uva.nl/a.visser/activities/robocup/RoboCup2013/Symposium/TeamDescriptionPapers/RescueSimulation/rsl-agents/rsl2013_submission_19.pdf 2013],2012,2010,2009)|
|UvA Rescue (2014,2003)|
|Agent competition||Infrastructure competition||Virtual Robot competition|
|Year||1st Place Team||2nd Place Team||3rd Place Team||Winner||1st Place Team||2nd Place Team||3rd Place Team||Year|
|2004||ResQ Freiburg||DAMAS-Rescue||Caspian||ResQ Freiburg|
|2006||MRL||Poseidon||IUST||ResQ Freiburg||ResQ Freiburg||VirtualUB||UvArescue||2006|
|2007||MRL, IR||Impossibles||TsinghuaAeolus||AladdinRescue||Steel||Jacobs Rescue||SPQR Virtual||2007|
|2008||ZJUBase||Suntori||Impossibles||Brave Circles||SEU-RedSun||UC Merced||Steel||2008|
|2009||S.O.S.||MRL||Poseidon||ResQ Freiburg||UC Merced||SEU-RedSun||Amsterdam-Oxford||2009|
|2012||Ri-one||ZJUBase||AUT S.O.S.||UvA Rescue||PoAReT||Yildiz||2012|
|2014||S.O.S.||MRL||CSU_YunLu||Amsterdam Oxford Joint Rescue Forces||MRL||2014|
Research State of the Art
The state-in-the-art in the agent competition is that decisions can be made for more than 100 agents in 500ms. The team of fire agents are able to predict the spread of the fire, to cooperate to extinguish the most dangerous fires firs and able to contain the fire front to prevent major damage to the city. The ambulance agents have a search strategy, listening for victims, dig them out and transport to a hospital. The police agents support both other teams by clearing the most important routes. The teams in the competition have shown a steady progress in controlling larger teams under harsher conditions.
The state-of-the-art in the virtual robot competition is control system able to control a large team of robots with a single operator. To make this possible, the robots are able to create a map of the disaster and use this map to make automatic decisions for an optimal search strategy. Several teams have shown that they are able to detect victims by processing the images from the robot camera, based on features like color, shape and movement. Also other sources like sound are studied.
There are several resources on publications related to this league:
Separately, there are lists on publications related to Virtual Robot competition:
- Chronical list of refereed publications on Virtual Robots and USARSim
- Chronical list of projects and theses based on USARSim
An recent overview of the developments in this league is given in this article in the AI magazine.
RoboCup 2014 Symposium
During the 2014 RoboCup Symposium, a number of papers will be presented by members of this league:
- Victor Spirin, Julian de Hoog, Arnoud Visser and Stephen Cameron - MRESim, a multi-robot exploration simulator for Rescue Simulation League, in RoboCup 2014: Robot World Cup XVIII, Springer Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence series 2015, p. 106-117.
- Arnoud Visser, Nobuhiro Ito and Alexander Kleiner - RoboCup Rescue Simulation Innovation Strategy, Proceedings of the 18th RoboCup Symposium, Special Track on the advancement of the RoboCup Leagues, João Pessoa - Brazil, July, 2014.
- Tomoichi Takahashi and Masaru Shimizu - How can the RoboCup Rescue Simulation contribute to emergency preparedness in real-world disaster situations?, Proceedings of the 18th RoboCup Symposium, João Pessoa, July 2014.
- Iván Riaño and Arnoud Visser - Mid-Term report 'Establishing bonds for the advancement of the Rescue League', Proceedings of the 18th RoboCup Symposium, Projects Promoting RoboCup, João Pessoa, July 13, 2014
RoboCup 2013 Symposium
During the 2013 RoboCup Symposium, a number of papers were presented by members of this league:
- Toshinori Niwa, Masaru Okaya and Tomoichi Takahashi - Parallel Computation using GPGPU to Simulate Crowd Evacuation Behaviors - planning effective evacuation guidance at emergencies, Proceedings of the 17th RoboCup Symposium, Eindhoven, July 2013.
- Khudaydad Mahmoodi, Muhammet Balcilar, Fatih Amasyali, Sirma Yavuz, Yücel Uzun and Feruz Davletov - Routing with Dijkstra in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks, Proceedings of the 17th RoboCup Symposium, Eindhoven, July 2013.
- Zeid Kootbally, Stephen Balakirsky and Arnoud Visser - Enabling codesharing in Rescue Simulation with USARSim/ROS, Proceedings of the 17th RoboCup Symposium, Eindhoven, July 2013.
- Alain Caltieri and Francesco Amigoni - High-Level Commands in Human-Robot Interaction for Search and Rescue, Proceedings of the 17th RoboCup Symposium, Eindhoven, July 2013.
- Matteo Luperto, Alberto Quattrini Li and Francesco Amigoni - A System for Building Semantic Maps of Indoor Environments Exploiting the Concept of Building Typology, Proceedings of the 17th RoboCup Symposium, Eindhoven, July 2013.
RoboCup 2012 Symposium
During the 2012 RoboCup Symposium, three papers were presented by members of this league:
- Francesco Amigoni, Nicola Basilico and Alberto Quattrini Li - How Much Worth Is Coordination of Mobile Robots for Exploration in Search and Rescue?, Proceedings of the 16th RoboCup Symposium, Mexico, June 2012.
- Masaru Okaya and Tomoichi Takahashi - Evacuation Simulation with Guidance for Anti-disaster Planning, Proceedings of the 16th RoboCup Symposium, Mexico, June 2012.
- Sander van Noort and Arnoud Visser - Virtual Robots towards RoboCup Soccer Simulation and @Home, Proceedings of the 16th RoboCup Symposium, Mexico, June 2012.
RoboCup 2011 Symposium
During the 2011 RoboCup Symposium, two papers were presented relevant to this league:
- Mohammad Norouzi, Freek Bruijn and Jaime Valls Miró, - Planning Stable Paths for Urban Search and Rescue Robots, in "RoboCup 2011: Robot Soccer World Cup XV", pp. 90-101, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 7416, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 2012.
- Masaru Okaya and Tomoichi Takahashi, - Proposal for Everywhere Evacuation Simulation System, in "RoboCup 2011: Robot Soccer World Cup XV", pp. 246-257, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 7416, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg, 2012.
Both competitions have a Frequent Asked Questions list:
Both competitions have a mailing list:
- Arnoud Visser, Nobuhiro Ito and Alexander Kleiner, "RoboCup Rescue Simulation Innovation Strategy", in the Proceedings of the 18th RoboCup Symposium, João Pessoa - Brazil, July, 2014.
- H. Levent Akın, Nobuhiro Ito, Adam Jacoff, Alexander Kleiner, Johannes Pellenz and Arnoud Visser , "RoboCup Rescue Robot and Simulation Leagues", AI Magazine, Vol 34, No.1, pp.78-86, 2013.
- Cameron Skinner and Sarvapali Ramchurn, "The RoboCup rescue simulation platform", Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS'10) - Volume 1, Pages 1647-1648, 2010.
- Stephen Balakirsky, Stefano Carpin, Alexander Kleiner, Michael Lewis, Arnoud Visser, Jijun Wang and Vittorio Amos Ziparo, "Towards heterogeneous robot teams for disaster mitigation: Results and performance metrics from RoboCup rescue", Journal of Field Robotics, Volume 24, Issue 11-12, pages 943–967, 2007.
- Cameron Skinner and Mike Barley, "Robocup Rescue Simulation Competition: Status Report", in 'RoboCup 2005: Robot Soccer World Cup IX', Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 4020, pp 632-639, 2006.
- H. Kitano and S. Tadokoro, "A grand challenge for multiagent and intelligent systems", AI Magazine 22:39–52, 2001.
About this page
All older information on this page, which now seems to be outdated, has been moved to the Rescue_Simulation_League_History page.
This page is moderated by Arnoud Visser. Contact him with suggestions.